General Motors and Toyota had their massive scandals. Now it's The Volkswagen tour. The company, which holds 70% of the US diesel market for passenger cars, is in big trouble for cheating during diesel emissions tests. After years of promoting "clean diesel" as an alternative to hybrid and electric vehicles, the company has even paraded in Washington with a squadron of Audi TDI models-Volkswagen cooked in its own toxic vapors. Here is our handy guide on what's going on. Volvo has installed pollution control software on more than half a million diesel vehicles in the United States and about 10.5 million more in the world, which allows them to detect unique parameters of a cycle. emission reduction defined by the Environmental Protection. Agency. According to the EPA and the California Air Resources Board, which were informed by researchers in 2014these "override devices" detect the direction, the throttle and other inputs used in the test to switch between two distinct modes of operation. In test mode, cars fully comply with all federal emission levels. But when you drive normally, the computer switches to separate mode– significant change in fuel pressure, injection time, recirculation of exhaust gases and, in models with AdBlue, the amount of urea solution sprayed into the gases of # 39; exhaust. While this mode probably allows for higher mileage and horsepower, it also allows for heavier emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) – a smog-forming pollutant related to lung cancer – up to the end of the day. 40 times higher than the federal limit. This does not mean that all TDIs pump 40 times more NOx than they should. Some cars may emit several times above the limit, depending on driving style and load. The following diesel models from Volkswagen, Audi and Porsche have been cited by the EPA for violating emissions standards. There is no reminder, and cars pass all state inspections, at least for the time being. Remember, VW admitted to having violated federal emissions, and as such, it is neither a state nor a security issue. However, if Volkswagen issues a recall notice, some states (including California and others that meet zero zero emission standards) may prevent owners from renewing their registration if they do not complete this fix. Volkswagen, Audi and Porsche dealers can not. sell new diesel engines except some 2015 models sold as new. Nor can they sell most of the used and certified diesels. Volkswagen has since electric car clerkand it is possible that the company will never sell TDI diesel in the United States again.Redemption and compensation for the Volkswagen and Audi TDI models of 2.0 liters:

Judge Charles Breyer of the US District Court on October 25, 2016 approved the final settlement of $ 14.7 billion. After that, Volkswagen will start sending notifications to all concerned owners and renters of 2.0-liter cars informing them the $ 10 billion buyback program. Judge Breyer had approved the preliminary settlement for the same amount on July 26, 2016. TDI owners who had purchased their car before September 17, 2015 could resell it to Volkswagen for between $ 12,500 and $ 44,000, according to the model, age, and region. Tenants of TDI will receive a cash value of between $ 2600 and $ 4900. Owners and renters who sold their car or who left their lease before June 28, 2016 are also eligible. the redemption process started in November 2016. Official details and VIN search are here. The exact payments for all affected models can be found here.

Until October 18, 2016, 340,000 homeowners and tenants sent registration forms stating that they wanted the company to buy back their cars under the convention negotiated by the government. compensation agreement. That's nearly three-quarters of the 475,000 Volkswagen and Audi models equipped with 2.0-liter diesel engines currently registered on American roads. Owners who do not resell their cars to Volkswagen will receive between $ 5,200 and $ 10,000 as compensation for the decreased resale value, plus fixed issues (see all the details here). All owners and renters of 2.0 liter TDI models will have until May 2018 to decide on their options. The approximately 3,500 homeowners and tenants who previously chose not to participate in the settlement have until May 12, 2017 to accept the terms and recover their payments. Owners also have the option to receive up to $ 350 each under a separate settlement of $ 327.5 million with Bosch, the provider of the issuance software (tenants each receive $ 200 ). The details are available here. The eligibility dates for the VW settlement correspond to the day before the day the EPA first announced the violations and the day that the EPA announced its preliminary settlement with the Department of Justice and the Federal Trade Commission.What if I owned an affected Volkswagen or Audi TDI model but sold it or traded it before the diesel scandal was made public?In early October 2018, Judge Charles Breyer of the US District Court ruled that consumers could file a class action, even if they previously owned or rented a "clean diesel" product, but that they did not Had more at the time the fraud charges were revealed. The judge ruled that the TDI technology increased the price of VW and Audi vehicles, thus increasing the depreciated amount, which could have hurt the owners.Repairs and repairs for Volkswagen and Audi TDI 2.0 liter models:There are three generations of turbocharged 2.0-liter four-cylinder, which will require different fixes (from software update to full software update, or even modernization of the software). As of January 6, 2017, Volkswagen has announced a full fix for 2015 TDI models with the third generation engine. This will involve the installation of a second NOx sensor and a new or replacement diesel oxidation catalyst. In March 2017, VW received approval to sell these cars, of which about 12,000 new and 67,000 used. On May 19, 2017, VW received the authorization to repair the TDI Passat 2012-2014 models. A total of 84,391 cars are included, with the exception of those with manual transmission; CARB stated that VW had not demonstrated enough evidence that they would be made to comply. VW is waiting for the approval to resell these vehicles as used cars.Redemptions and allowances for Volkswagen, Audi TDI and Porsche 3.0-liter diesel models:

December 21, 2016, Volkswagen reached a second regulation with some 78,000 homeowners and tenants 3.0 liter diesel models. End of January 2017, Volkswagen announced a $ 1.2 billion program this differs significantly from the $ 10 billion program for 2.0-liter diesel models. Judge Breyer approved the final settlement amount on May 11, 2017. At this time, only the owners of the Audi Q7 and Volkswagen Touareg 2009-2012 models equipped with the Generation 1 engine are eligible for buybacks. an amount between $ 24,755 and $ 57,157. Indeed, Volkswagen can not repair them to comply with anti-pollution standards. Generation 1 renters of 2012 vehicles may receive between $ 5001 and $ 6,615 for early termination of their lease. Generation 1 owners who do not resell their car to Volkswagen can receive between $ 7755 and $ 13,880. For complete details, see the practical summary of the court.
For Generation 2 models between 2013 and 2016, Volkswagen will offer cash compensation ranging from $ 7,039 to $ 16,114; If the recall is not "available at the right time," the builder will buy it back for a price between $ 43,153 and $ 99,862 and extend any warranty that may expire until the recall is ready. Tenants of the second generation can receive between $ 5,577 and $ 12,492 for the early termination of their leases. If the lessees decide to keep their car and do the repair, they each receive a lump sum of $ 2,000. In any case, with Generation 2 cars, owners and renters can choose to receive half of the cash payments in advance and the other half once the vehicle is repaired. Second generation homeowners and renters are also eligible to receive up to $ 1,500 each under a separate $ 327.5 million settlement with Bosch, the company's software provider. emissions. The details are available here.These prices were based on the values ​​of the NADA Clean Retail Used Car Guide of November 2015 and adjusted according to options, mileage and the region in which the vehicle was registered from this month. The 2016 diesel models will be bought back 12.9% above the prices of the 2015 equivalent models. Owners and renters will also be reimbursed for national and local taxes. The registration deadline is December 31, 2019. Owners and renters will receive the same payment (adjusted for mileage), regardless of when they register.Repairs and repairs on 3.0 liter diesel models Volkswagen, Audi TDI and Porsche:
There are two versions of the 3.0-liter V6 turbo-diesel that require different modifications. The Gen 1 engines of the Audi Q7 and Volkswagen Touareg 2009-2012 can not be fully compliant with the EPA regulations. Generation 2 engines in 2013-2016 models will be fixed under a reminder covering 38,745 vehicles. The 2013-2014 Touareg, 2013-2014 Cayenne and 2015 Q7, all equipped with the 3.0-liter TDI V6 Generation 2.1 version, will receive a software upgrade and hardware patch. The Touareg and Cayenne 2015-2016 models (with the Generation 2.2 engine) will only lead to software modifications. Homeowners who opt for the fix are also receiving approximately $ 8500 to $ 17,500. On November 23, 2015, Audi announced on these 58,000 models that it was going to update the software and "resubmit" its emissions-related applications after the EPA discovered undocumented "emission control devices" which allowed excessive levels of NOx.Expired Incentive Programs:As part of its goodwill program, Volkswagen has proposed $ 1000 in cash to each owner of a 2.0-liter TDI named in the first EPA violation notice: a $ 500 prepaid Visa card to spend for anything and another credit card $ 500 valid only at Volkswagen dealerships (to be used for another car, service or many VW hats). They could also benefit from free 24-hour roadside assistance for the next three years. The deadline to enroll in this program ended on April 30th. The same offer was extended to owners of 3.0-liter diesel models, in possession until July 31st. The owners of Audi, Porsche and VW TDI who had taken delivery after 8 November were not eligible (complete rules here). The current owners of all VW models have also been able to obtain a $ 2,000 cash rebate to a new car, although this incentive may continue to vary or expire over time. Dealers also have "discretionary" money that they can use to soften transactions (and they have get guaranteed commissions for some models). Basically, if Volkswagen is on your shopping list, now is the time to haggle like a pro.Do not all car manufacturers adapt their cars to the EPA test cycle? Why choose VW?Manufacturers optimize powertrains every second of the Dynamometric tests of the EPA (The federal test procedure 75, that detected by VW computers, lasts 1370 seconds). They must do this because they must self-certify each model for sale. The EPA verifies about 15% of these tests each year. In rare cases, car manufacturers largely overestimate fuel economy Ford and Kia fact) and can take advantage of gaps in the certification process. However, these standardized tests, as imperfect as they can be compared to driving in the real world, are critical. Properly done, they provide at least one precise method for assessing legal compliance and providing a fair comparison for consumers. At present, there is no indication that car manufacturers are programming their cars in a very different way, even though the EPA and the German government are trying to prove otherwise. Volkswagen has explicitly done that and that's why it was hammered.What are selective catalytic reduction and urea injection?Diesel fuel is rich in carbon and its composition is close to that of heating oil. As such, it is inherently dirty and sooty when burned. Trucks, vans, trucks and other heavy-duty diesel commercial vehicles follow less stringent environmental standards, light-duty vehicles have a hard time – and nowhere else is it more difficult to certify a car or a diesel truck than in the United States. To trap particles and limit nitrogen oxides in virtually all new diesel engines, Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) and Urea Injection A three-way catalytic converter in gasoline vehicles treats gases from gasoline. 39, oxidant exhaust (by adding oxygen to convert carbon monoxide and other hydrocarbons to carbon dioxide and water) and reducing (by eliminating oxygen to convert l & # 39; Nitrogen oxide in nitrogen and water). But diesel engines burn so lean that they need separate oxidation and reduction catalysts. Once the diesel exhaust gas has passed through the oxidation catalyst and a particulate filter, a diesel exhaust fluid (DEF, called VW by AdBlue) is injected into the flow before it flows. Enter the reduction catalyst. DEF is a precise mixture of one-third of urea and two-thirds of de-ionized water and must be filled (at regular intervals, according to the manufacturer's recommended drain intervals) from a separate tank. If it sounds complex and expensive, it's because it is. And most likely, that's why VW chose not to install the injection of SCR and urea on most of its TDI models.What will happen to Volkswagen?On January 11, 2018, it was learned that VW was suing at least one of its former leaders who was sentenced to federal prison for his role in the company's diesel emissions scandal. according to News from the automobile, the builder wishes to "recover a large part" of the legal costs incurred for the defense of Oliver Schmidt, which represent more than 4 million dollars. Schmidt was previously executive director of the company's environmental office in Michigan. In December 2017, he was sentenced to seven years in prison and fined $ 400,000. Five other VW executives were indicted, while a junior engineer was also sentenced to prison in January 2017.
On January 11, 2017, the United States Department of Justice announced $ 4.3 billion in criminal and civil penalties and arrested six VW executives for their alleged connection with the scandal. A total of eight current and former executives have been charged with various crimes. On 21 August 2017, VW engineer James Liang was sentenced to 40 months in prison and fined $ 200,000. He pleaded guilty in September 2016. Oliver Schmidt, former executive director of the company's environmental office in Michigan, was sentenced on December 6 Sean Cox, US District Court Judge in Detroit, sentenced Schmidt to a "key conspirator" who "knowingly misled and lied to government officials." A "compliance monitor" will monitor VW for three years. years under the conditions of his probation. April 21, 2017, VW was officially sentenced in federal Michigan court For these violations.On January 4, 2016, the United States Department of Justice has sued Volkswagen on behalf of the EPA. Volkswagen will now pay $ 14.7 billion to settle with three federal agencies suing the automaker for its excessive diesel emissions, the highest ever paid by a company for offenses under the Clean Air Act. The Environmental Protection Agency, the Federal Trade Commission, and the Department of Justice announced the partial settlement on June 282016. In addition to the $ 10 billion buyback program, an additional $ 2.7 billion will be used to fund future state-level projects to reduce nitrogen oxide emissions under the law. on the reduction of EPA diesel emissions, federal subsidies to replace the old diesel engines and kits for alternative powertrain and other similar vehicle equipment.Volkswagen must repurchase 85% of all cars by June 2019, otherwise it will have to pay even more to finance such projects. The automaker must also spend $ 2 billion over 10 years to invest in green energy and electric cars, including funding new public charging stations and new public education programs. last regulation with 3.0 liter diesel enginesVolkswagen will also have to spend an additional $ 225 million to fund projects to reduce NOx emissions. California will receive $ 41 million of this amount, and the California Air Resources Board (CARB) has written in the regulations some very specific requirements for the sale of electric vehicles. These Canadian regulations, which are comparable to the regulations finalized in October, will cover approximately 105,000 vehicles and potentially cost the builder the equivalent of US $ 1.6 billion. As in the United States, Canadian owners will be able to resell their vehicle at an agreed price or choose to repair their vehicle and receive a payment. And as part of an interim consumption agreement in Canada, Volkswagen and Audi Canada will pay the equivalent of US $ 11.2 million. Additional civil penalties and other state-level fines have not been set, but could add billions more. Volkswagen initially set aside more than $ 7 billion to cover the costs of the recalls. Since the announcement of the first violation broke out on September 18th2015, more than a quarter of the company's market capitalization was wiped out until June 28, 2016 with the stock price of its stock. The company has abandoned its goal of to become the largest car manufacturer in the world by 2018. Volkswagen is not even concerned about its sales figures in the United States until this problem is solved, according to President Herbert Diess. The company recorded consecutive monthly sales losses in the United States. since november.CEO Matthias Müller, who said the company was not lying but was facing a "Technical problem"-A now commissioned a complete reorganization that will see 30 electric vehicles with battery introduced through its 12 divisions by 2025. will inevitably lead to fires, the model cuts across its 340 variants and other business changes. But until now, even seemingly frivolous divisions like Bugatti are not eliminated. Former CEO Martin Winterkorn, who has resigned in September, would have received a memo regarding the diesel problem in May 2014. He did not confirm when he had actually read it.All right, I would like more free money. How can I continue?There are already a few hundred lawsuits alleging economic damage against VW's now infamous "Clean Diesel" marketing campaign and the half million EPA-violated cars. None has yet been consolidated in the multi-district litigation committee. For the time being, Hagens-Berman, a huge company that fetched $ 1.1 billion from Toyota and intends to sue General Motors for $ 10 billion, has an open and pending class action.What do TDI owners really do?While Greenpeace and other environmental groups lambaste VW, mandatory news articles describing angry TDI drivers have been published. Certainly, there are some people really unhappy with VW to mislead them about the emissions levels of their car. But as we see, the majority of TDI buyers are experienced enthusiasts who enjoy fuel economy, torque, durability and low running costs. Some really economical types convert their TDI into refined vegetable essential oils or biodiesel. These people are tough guys.If any solution offered by Volkswagen ends up hindering performance, whether it's increased fuel consumption or loss of power, many TDI owners may well ignore a reminder. This is a delicate legal situation, since neither the EPA nor the National Road Safety Administration can compel individual owners to update their cars. Several bills in Congress have proposed banning license renewals for car owners who do not complete the recalls, but they are far from having the force of law. For the moment, most TDI owners continue to practice putter, despite a significant decline in resale values. With more time, we will have a more complete picture.This story was published on November 13, 2015; it is constantly updated to reflect the latest developments in VW's diesel emissions scandal.(# You might also like,,)