Jaguar Land Rover, the largest car manufacturer in the UK, announced Thursday the removal of 4,500 jobs, or about 10% of its workforce, in order to achieve savings. Jaguar Land Rover (JLR), which is owned by the Indian company Tata Motors (TTM), employs 42,500 people in the United Kingdom and 1,500 workers in other countries. The automaker said it would begin by proposing voluntary layoffs to British workers. This comes after the company 1,500 jobs cut in 2018In the meantime, Honda (HMC– the UK's fourth-largest automaker – has announced it will close its British operations for six days in April to help it cope with potential Brexit disruption. And earlier in the day, Ford (F) announced its intention to review its activities and cut thousands of jobs in Europe. The latest announcements indicate that the sector continues to face challenges including a huge decline in diesel car sales in Europe, slowdown in Chinese purchases and threat of a Brexit in disorder.RELATED: Job losses are bleak for 2019 in the auto industryJLR said its new projects would reduce costs by about £ 2.5 billion ($ 3.2 billion) over the next 18 months and prepare the company for an ambitious new world. electric and autonomous vehicles"We are taking decisive action to contribute to long-term growth, in the face of the multiple geopolitical and regulatory disruptions as well as the technological challenges facing the automotive sector," said CEO Ralf Speth. in a statement. "This will ensure our future and allow for a vital investment in stand-alone, connected, electric and shared technologies." The British company also announced a new investment in electrical technology in its Wolverhampton engine manufacturing center and the launch of a new battery assembly center at Hams Hall. , North Warwickshire.

Ford has announced "significant" reductions in its European workforce of 50,000, with the aim of making it more competitive and making its business more sustainable. Details of the job cuts are not expected before the end of the year, although Warley's West Midlands-based staff will relocate to Dunton in Essex County. Steven Armstrong, vice president of Ford's European group, said the company was taking "decisive steps" to turn its business into Europe. Honda said it was assessing how to deal with any logistical and border-related issues after Brexit on March 29th. "To ensure that Honda is well positioned to adapt to all possible outcomes, we are planning six days of non-production in April 2019," said a spokesman. (BMW.DE), which manufactures Minis in the UK, also plans a similar closure in April to avoid any potential Brexit complication. JLR has suffered more than its peers because of declining demand in China and decline in sales of diesel cars in Europe, Benny Daniel, mobility expert and vice president of the market research company Frost & Sullivan. JLR sales in China have fallen 22% in 2018 compared to the previous year, according to new annual data. This has forced JLR to offer strong cuts in China, which is detrimental to profitability, said Daniel. About 90% of JLR's European sales were made with diesel cars, according to Justin Cox, director of LMC Automotive. Since the Volkswagen scandal, motorists are avoiding diesel purchases and have remained out of the way, with European governments threatening to ban diesel cars from city centers. The threat of Brexit has also intensified, with the United Kingdom preparing to leave the European Union in less than three months. In September, Speth, the boss of the Jaguar Land Rover, had warned that a bad deal with the Brexit could be costly. tens of thousands of jobs in the automobile and the production of risks to the firm. The story continues

This undoubtedly influenced the company's decision to transfer part of its production to a manufacturing plant in Slovakia and to invest in specialized engineering centers in Ireland and Hungary.

Jaguar Land Rover has announced the removal of thousands of jobs. Photo: Leon Neal / Getty ImagesMore

UK-based carmakers have also expressed concerns about Brexit, including Toyota (TM) and Nissan (7201.T), which annually produce 640,000 cars in the UK. They warned that any delay at the border could impose quick factory closures. [Brexit]we would have production stopped for weeks or even months. It would be very difficult for us to deal with the situation, "Tony Walker, Deputy Director General of Toyota Motor Europe, told a hearing before a parliamentary committee last year.With Reuters and PA files